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The Top 10 Skills Needed to be a Railway Engineer.

Egypt Insights

Full Steam Ahead: Egypt's Railway Revolution Fuels Technical Triumph!

In Egypt, there is currently a significant investment in railway infrastructure, with over 20 projects in progress or planned. Some of these projects include two monorail lines set to open in Cairo this year. One major project is the construction of three high-speed lines totaling 1985km, with speeds of 250km/h. Siemens Mobility, Orascom Construction, and The Arab Contractors are the consortium responsible for the design, construction, commissioning, and maintenance of these lines. The project is divided into two phases, with the first line running from Ain Sokhna to Alexandria and Mersa Matruh, spanning 460km. Phase 2 will extend the line to El Alamein and Mersa Matruh, covering 200km. The completion of this project is expected to significantly reduce travel time and carry millions of passengers annually. Additionally, a contract was signed with NGE, France, for the construction of a 330km double-track line from Ain Sokhna to Borg El Arab, which will further enhance efficiency and capacity. Overall, these railway advancements demonstrate Egypt’s commitment to modernizing its transportation infrastructure and boosting connectivity within the country.

Expansion and Rehabilitation work in Cairo

The rehabilitation of Cairo Metro Line 2 aims to enhance and expand the existing metro system in Cairo, Egypt. The project involves upgrading rolling stock, signalling, power supply, and control systems, increasing Line 2’s capacity by 50%. The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the European Investment Bank are providing significant funding, alongside the Egyptian government. Hyundai Rotem has been contracted to supply 48 new metro trains. Plans for an extension of Line 2 are underway, with Systra conducting a design and feasibility study. In parallel, the construction of Cairo Metro Line 3 progresses in phases, with Phase 3A already completed and Phase 3B under construction. The full completion of Line 3 will result in a 17.7km-long metro line with 15 stations. Major companies involved in the project include Vinci Construction, Bouygues Travaux Publics, Orascom Construction, and Alstom. These projects reflect Egypt’s commitment to improving its metro infrastructure and providing a more efficient transportation system for residents and visitors.
The rehabilitation and expansion of Cairo’s metro system are underway. Hill International is overseeing the construction of Phase 3C, a 7.1km extension from Kit Kat to Cairo University. The same contractors and project managers as Phase 3B are involved. Phase 4C, which is still in the planning stage, will connect Heliopolis with Cairo International Airport, improving transport in east Cairo. Arab Consulting Engineering Moharram Bakhoum serves as the overall consultant, while Systra and Arab Consulting Engineering Moharram Bakhoum form the design consultant consortium. Line 3 will ultimately connect Cairo’s center with the New Administrative Capital development. RATP Dev will handle operation and maintenance. Line 4, costing $4bn, will span 42km and serve 38 stations. Construction has begun on the western section of Phase 1, from Hadayek El Ashgar to Amr Ibn Al-Aas, with Arab Contractors leading the project. The section will have 12 stations and carry an estimated 2 million passengers daily. Mitsubishi and Kinki Sharyo will supply the rolling stock. The government of Egypt and Jica have signed a loan agreement for Phase 1.
Cairo’s metro expansion includes Line 4 Phase 2, spanning 23km, with Colas Rail, Orascom Construction, and Thales handling tracklaying and rail system installation. Line 5, a planned 20km semi-circular route, will connect Nasr City to Shubra El Kheima. Line 6, a 30km north-south line, will be constructed by Alstom and is expected to carry 500,000 passengers daily.

Alexandria Metro Expansion

The Alexandria Metro will consist of a 43km line running from Abu Qir to Borg al-Arab. Phase 1 involves the conversion of a 22km railway into an electrified metro with 18 stations. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank has approved a €250m loan for the project, and funding is also provided by the EIB, AFD, and EBRD. Phase 2 will be an 8km extension from Misr to Al-Max, while Phase 3 will extend the line by 15.5km to the Cairo-Alexandria desert road.
#AlexandriaMetro #MetroProject #TransportInfrastructure
Alexandria Raml Tram Rehabilitation and Extension:
The Alexandria Raml tram is a 13.8km light rail line used by 12% of the city’s commuters daily. The project aims to rehabilitate the line, update signaling, and renew the rolling stock. Additionally, it includes a 900m extension from Al-Raml Square to Ahmed Orabi Square in Al Manshiya. The Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation and AFD have signed a €100m loan agreement for the project. A consortium led by Systra, along with Egis, ACE, and Projacs, has been awarded the design, supervision, and construction contract.
#RamlTram #InfrastructureProject #TramExtension

Rail Investments and global collaborations for modernisation

In November 2021, Egyptian National Railways (ENR) announced a partnership with Thales to undertake modernization projects on two prominent railway lines in the Nile Delta region. The first project aims to enhance the Qalyoub-Menouf-Tanta line by implementing resignalling and track doubling measures along the 94km route. Thales will also explore the possibility of installing ETCS Level 1 and implementing a national traffic management system. The second project focuses on the Qalyoub-Shebin El Qanater-El Zagazig line, incorporating resignalling, track upgrades, and track doubling along the 64km stretch.
An additional significant railway endeavor is the Aswan-Wadi Halfa line project. Currently in the preliminary design stage, this 80km line venture is a result of the collaborative agreement between the Egyptian and Sudanese governments in April 2021. Egypt and Sudan intend to connect their railway networks with this line, catering to both freight and passenger trains. Egypt is particularly interested in utilizing this line for exporting goods to Sudan and beyond. The construction of the Aswan-Wadi Halfa line will adhere to Egyptian specifications, as established through a cooperation agreement signed by the two governments in November 2020. 
These modernization initiatives represent Egypt’s commitment to strengthen its rail infrastructure, improve operational efficiency, and support regional economic integration. The collaboration between ENR and Thales signifies the use of advanced signaling technology and track enhancements to increase the capacity and reliability of the Qalyoub-Menouf-Tanta and Qalyoub-Shebin El Qanater-El Zagazig lines. Meanwhile, the Aswan-Wadi Halfa line is poised to foster trade connectivity between Egypt and Sudan, serving as a crucial corridor for freight transportation and facilitating bilateral economic growth.
Through these projects, Egypt aims to continue transforming its rail network, ensuring safer and more efficient transportation services for passengers and freight. The partnerships with international companies like Thales underscore the nation’s commitment to leveraging specialized expertise to bring about railway advancements. These endeavors also align with the country’s ongoing efforts to strengthen regional collaboration and realize its transportation potential.
Phase 4 of the El-Salam – New Administrative Capital – 10th of Ramadan commuter rail project, also known as Light Rail Transit, is set to expand the existing 103.3km line by an additional 16km north from Knowledge City. This extension will consist of 7.5km of elevated track and 8.5km at ground level. The project, financed by the Export and Import Bank of China, involves a consortium comprising Avic International, China Railway Group, Concord, Hassan Allam Holding, and Petrojet. The railway line is projected to transport around 500,000 passengers per day, with a maximum operational speed of 120km/h. It will facilitate convenient interchanges with the Cairo metro, monorail, and mainline trains for seamless connectivity. Trains for the project are supplied by CRRC Qingdao Sifang, and the operator is RATP Dev Mobility Cairo.
Cairo is set to introduce two monorail lines this year under the management of an Alstom-led consortium, including Orascom Construction and Arab Contractors. The first line, spanning 56.5km, will connect East Cairo on metro Line 3 with the New Administrative Capital via Nasr City. The second line, covering 42km, will link the Mohandseen district in Giza to 6th of October City. It will feature 13 stations and an interchange with the metro Line 3 extension at Wadi El-Nil. UK Export Finance will guarantee 80% of a €2.5bn loan from JP Morgan, while the New Urban Communities Authority will contribute through a 14-year repayment loan. The total cost for both lines is estimated at $US 4.5bn.

Upcoming demand for rail engineers in Egypt

The future of railway engineering is exciting and full of opportunities. With advancements in technology, the railway industry can become more efficient, safer, and sustainable.

One major trend in railway engineering is automation. Self-driving trains are already being tested in some parts of the world, aimed at reducing human error and improving safety. This will require engineers to have expertise in CBTC, ERTMS, Indian Railways automatic train protection( Kavach), and such control systems.
Another area where engineers can make a significant impact is energy efficiency. By using renewable energy sources such as wind or solar power for train operations, railways can significantly reduce their carbon footprint while also saving costs on fuel.

Railways are also adopting digital technologies to improve maintenance practices through predictive analytics and condition monitoring systems. This will require engineers with data analysis skills to interpret large amounts of information generated by sensors embedded in the tracks or trains.
Furthermore, there’s an increased focus on passenger experience that requires innovative designs for both interior spaces and stations to ensure comfort, convenience, and accessibility for all passengers.

The future of railway engineering holds great promise with cutting-edge technologies making way for improvements across areas like safety, sustainability, efficiency, etc. Engineers who possess skills beyond traditional rail engineering – such as data analysis abilities- will be increasingly relevant going forward.


Being a railway engineer is a challenging yet rewarding career that requires a unique skill set and a passion for trains and transportation infrastructure. To excel in this field, it is crucial to possess the top 10 skills needed to be a railway engineer, including technical expertise, problem-solving abilities, and critical thinking.

As the field of railway engineering continues to evolve with technological advancements, staying updated with new techniques and industry trends is essential for professional growth and competitiveness. This continuous learning and skill enhancement is vital to thriving in the ever-changing world of railway engineering.

To embark on this exciting career journey and acquire the necessary skills, consider enrolling in courses offered by the Railway Academy. Their comprehensive courses, available at the Railway Academy, provide valuable knowledge and training in various aspects of railway engineering. From track design and maintenance to signaling systems and project management, these courses offer a wide range of benefits.

By investing in your education and continuously improving your skills, you can pave the way to becoming an accomplished railway engineer. With hard work, dedication, and commitment to professional development, you can make your mark in this dynamic industry.

Discover the possibilities and seize the opportunity to shape the future of railway engineering with the Railway Academy’s courses. Start your journey today and unlock a world of endless opportunities in the fascinating field of railway engineering.

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